Flour Guide for the Best Chocolate Chip Cookies

By: Sarena Shasteen | May 20 2019
Have you ever wondered if you can exchange a flour in your cookie recipe to suite your dietary needs? Look no further, we have a flour guide to help you make the best chocolate chip cookies you've ever tasted!

What is the best flour to make cookies?

You asked so we took the test. We tried out 4 of our most popular flours to find out which flour makes the best chocolate chip cookie. We also wanted to take this test to see how this recipe would work with just exchanging the flour and making no other changes. Here are the results...

Gluten Free 1 to 1 Flour

Our Gluten Free 1-to-1 Baking Flour is designed to make it easy for you to transform traditional recipes to gluten free without changing the recipe. This special blend of gluten free flours and starches includes xanthan gum and is ideal for foods like cookies, cakes, brownies, muffins and pancakes. In this recipe for chocolate chip cookies, we used the Gluten Free 1 to 1 flour as a direct replacement for all purpose baking flour. As you can see above, this cookie looks just like the Chocolate Chip Cookie made with our Organic All Purpose Flour. Texture: The texture of this cookie is as you would expect from a good basic cookie recipe. The cookie is chewy on the inside with crispy edges. Batter Consistency: The batter was thick and scooped nicely into perfect rounds.

Organic All Purpose Flour

Our Organic All-Purpose Flour is a premium baking flour freshly milled from certified organic, hard red wheat. You can use this high quality wheat flour product for all baked goods, including foods like yeast breads, quick breads, biscuits, muffins, cookies and cakes. Texture: The texture of the cookies made with the Organic All Purpose Flour were the same as the cookies made with the Gluten Free 1 to 1 Flour. They were nice and chewy on the inside with crispy edges. Batter Consistency: Again, this one had the same batter consistency as the Chocolate Chip Cookie made with the Gluten Free 1 to 1 Flour. The two were indistinguishable from each other.

Gluten Free All Purpose Flour

Our Gluten Free All Purpose Baking Flour is a versatile gluten free flour blend, without xanthan gum or guar gum. While it is great for bread and all kinds of gluten free baked goods, in this instance, it was not a 1 to 1 exchange in this recipe. As you can see, they were not the the same consistency as the images above.
Texture: The texture of the chocolate chip cookies made with the Gluten Free All Purpose Flour baked up flatter than the other cookies. Though we didn't try it for this test, a binder such as xanthan gum, guar gum, chia seeds or psyllium would help in this recipe exchange.
Batter Consistency: The batter was soft in this recipe exchange, but the changes noted above would help with that.

Paleo Baking Flour

This blend of almond flour, arrowroot starch, organic coconut flour and tapioca flour make it easy to create delicious baked goods like cakes, cookies, muffins, paleo pancakes, flatbreads and crackers. Unfortunately, this is not a great flour for a 1 to 1 exchange in your base cookie recipe. Texture: The texture of the Chocolate Chip Cookies made with the Paleo Baking Flour was crunchier and less chewy than the previous versions. Batter Consistency: This batter was super soft and sticky. Chilling it for a bit might help, keep the dough from spreading.   We hope this helps take the question out of what will happen when you use different flours in your cookie recipes to suite dietary restrictions. Tell us, do you have other flours or recipes you want us to test for you? We want to hear from you. In the meantime, grab a glass of milk (or dairy free milk alternative) and enjoy a cookie.  

The Best Chocolate Chip Cookies Recipe

SERVINGS 36 servings PREP TIME 15 minutes COOK TIME 11 - 13 minutes PASSIVE TIME 5 minutes Ingredients
  • 2 1/4 cups Gluten Free 1-to-1 Baking Flour
  • 1 tsp Baking Soda
  • 1 tsp Salt
  • 1 cup Butter softened
  • 3/4 cup Sugar
  • 3/4 cup Brown Sugar packed
  • 1 tsp Vanilla Extract
  • 2 Eggs
  • 2 cups Chocolate Chips
  • 1 cup Chopped Walnuts (optional)
Instructions Preheat oven to 375°F. Line two baking sheets with parchment paper. Mix flour, baking soda and salt in small bowl. Set aside. Beat butter, sugar, brown sugar and vanilla extract in large bowl until just creamy. Add eggs, one at a time, beating well after each addition, scraping down the sides of the bowl as needed. Gradually add flour mixture and beat until well-blended. Stir in chocolate chips and nuts. Scoop or roll dough into balls, about two tablespoons each. Place 2 inches apart on prepared baking sheets. Let rest, preferable chilled, for 30 minutes. Bake for 11-13 minutes or until golden brown. Cool on baking sheets for 5 minutes. Move to wire rack to cool completely.


  1. Soundra Elmore
    I am new to baking gluten free. If you use the Bob Mills all-purpose flour, you suggest adding xantham gum. How much would you use for this recipe?
    1. Whitney Barnes
      Hi Soundra, there's a handy chart on the back of the Gluten Free All Purpose Flour bag for adding Xanthan Gum to specific types of recipes. For cookies, we recommend adding 1/4 tsp for every 1 cup of flour.
  2. Sharon Keller
    I love Bob’s Red Mill gluten free products !! However, I can’t always find them in the stores. I love being able to order them online ! I am so sad that your store is closing ! Will I still be able to get your products on Amazon ? Or another website ? I usually order a case of cake mixes and other items ! I use so many !
    1. Elisabeth Allie
      Elisabeth Allie
      Hi Sharon! Yes, you can find our products on Amazon and other major online retailers. Our Store Finder feature can help: https://www.bobsredmill.com/store-finder.html

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